Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Protoc. 2012 May 10;7(6):1068-85. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2012.048.

Measuring energy metabolism in cultured cells, including human pluripotent stem cells and differentiated cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

Measurements of glycolysis and mitochondrial function are required to quantify energy metabolism in a wide variety of cellular contexts. In human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) and their differentiated progeny, this analysis can be challenging because of the unique cell properties, growth conditions and expense required to maintain these cell types. Here we provide protocols for analyzing energy metabolism in hPSCs and their early differentiated progenies that are generally applicable to mature cell types as well. Our approach has revealed distinct energy metabolism profiles used by hPSCs, differentiated cells, a variety of cancer cells and Rho-null cells. The protocols measure or estimate glycolysis on the basis of the extracellular acidification rate, and they measure or estimate oxidative phosphorylation on the basis of the oxygen consumption rate. Assays typically require 3 h after overnight sample preparation. Companion methods are also discussed and provided to aid researchers in developing more sophisticated experimental regimens for extended analyses of cellular bioenergetics.

PMID:
22576106
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3819135
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk