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Blood. 1990 Dec 1;76(11):2279-83.

Fibrinogen Baltimore I: polymerization defect associated with a gamma 292Gly----Val (GGC----GTC) mutation.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205.


Fibrinogen Baltimore I is one of the very first congenital abnormal fibrinogens reported over several decades ago; however, the molecular defect of this dysfibrinogen has eluded identification. In fact, several reports misidentified the functional defect of Baltimore I, which has impaired fibrin monomer polymerization. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of lysyl endopeptidase digest of the purified Baltimore I gamma-chain showed an abnormal peptide not found in the co-existing normal gamma-chain of this heterozygote. Amino acid sequencing of this peptide indicated that gamma-chain Gly292 is replaced by valine. This observation was confirmed, and the genetic defect was determined by direct nucleotide sequencing of a polymerase chain reaction product containing codon gamma 292, which is mutated: GGC----GTC. The molecular defect of Fibrinogen Baltimore I lies in a region of the gamma-chain required for fibrin polymerization, suggesting that the integrity of gamma Gly292 is critical for fibrin assembly.

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