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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Nov 30;173(1):309-16.

Cloning and expression of a cDNA for human cytochrome P-450aldo as related to primary aldosteronism.

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  • 1Department of Medical Chemistry, Kochi Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

A cDNA clone encoding human aldosterone synthase cytochrome P-450 (P-450aldo) has been isolated from a cDNA library derived from human adrenal tumor of a patient suffering from primary aldosteronism. The insert of the clone contains an open reading frame encoding a protein of 503 amino acid residues together with a 3 bp 5'-untranslated region and a 1424 bp 3'-untranslated region to which a poly(A) tract is attached. The nucleotide sequence of P-450aldo cDNA is 93% identical to that of P-450(11) beta cDNA. Catalytic functions of these two P-450s expressed in COS-7 cells are very similar in that both enzymes catalyze the formation of corticosterone and 18-hydroxy-11-deoxycorticosterone using 11-deoxycorticosterone as a substrate. However, they are distinctly different from each other in that P-450aldo preferentially catalyzes the conversion of 11-deoxycorticosterone to aldosterone via corticosterone and 18-hydroxycorticosterone while P-450(11)beta substantially fails to catalyze the reaction to form aldosterone. These results suggest that P-450aldo is a variant of P-450(11)beta, but this enzyme is a different gene product possibly playing a major role in the synthesis of aldosterone at least in a patient suffering from primary aldosteronism.

PMID:
2256920
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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