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Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2012 Jun;18(3):305-11. doi: 10.1177/1076029611423388.

Stroke and renal dysfunction: are we always conscious of this relationship?

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  • 1Clinica Medica, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.


Cerebrovascular disease may represent an important clinical presentation of atherosclerosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and atherosclerosis is frequently encountered in CKD. In fact, kidney disease is now considered a risk factor for development of cardiovascular disease. Although guidelines for primary prevention of stroke have been recently published, CKD is hardly mentioned. Based on a series of available studies, we analyzed the relationship between reduced renal function, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and stroke. Reduced renal function and risk of stroke appear to be related to the highest risk of patients on dialysis treatment. Primary and secondary prevention of stroke should be encouraged in participants with renal dysfunction.

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