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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2012 Aug;51(8):745-9. doi: 10.1177/0009922812446009. Epub 2012 May 4.

Nondepressed linear skull fractures in children younger than 2 years: is computed tomography always necessary?

Author information

  • 1Childrens Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55102, USA. sam.reid@childrensmn.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Current recommendations are that young children with a skull fracture following head injury undergo computed tomography (CT) examination of their head to exclude significant intracranial injury. Recent reports, however, have raised concern that radiation exposure from CT scanning may cause malignancies.

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the proportion of children with nondisplaced linear skull fractures who have clinically significant intracranial injury.

METHODS:

Retrospective review of patients younger than 2 years who presented to an emergency department and received a diagnosis of skull fracture.

RESULTS:

Ninety-two patients met the criteria for inclusion in the study; all had a head CT scan performed. None suffered a clinically significant intracranial injury.

CONCLUSION:

Observation, rather than CT, may be a reasonable management option for head-injured children younger than 2 years who have a nondisplaced linear skull fracture on plain radiography but no clinical signs of intracranial injury.

PMID:
22563059
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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