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Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 Jul;50(7):2270-4. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.04.032. Epub 2012 Apr 27.

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin induces a proteomic pattern that defines cleft palate formation in mice.

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  • 1Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, CSTC2009CA5002, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, China.



To identify the differential protein pattern in 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced cleft palates using a proteomic approach.


At gestation day (GD) 12, TCDD (64 g/kg; n = 30) or corn oil control (n = 30) was given to time-pregnant C57BL/6J mice by gavage. The anatomical, histological, proteomic changes in the palates of the fetal mice were studied on GD18. Total protein was extracted from the palate tissue and examined by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Spots differentially expressed between the two groups were selected for analysis by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The proteins were identified by data searching in the Mascot database.


In TCDD group, the incidence of cleft palate was 100%. Ten differential protein spots with the largest fold change were selected for further identification by mass spectrometry, 7 showed significantly higher volumes and 3 showed significantly lower volumes in TCDD palates than the control palates (all p<0.05). Peroxiredoxin-1 were robustly up-regulated in the cleft palate group, as well proteins linked to energy metabolism, cell migration, and apoptosis.


Peroxiredoxin-1 protein may be associated with cleft palate in mice induced by TCDD. The embryo mouse palate tissues energy metabolism cells migration/apoptosis related proteins have the disorder.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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