Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012 Jul;97(1):146-50. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2012.04.009. Epub 2012 May 2.

Serum allograft inflammatory factor-1 is a novel marker for diabetic nephropathy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, 465 Kajii-cho, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan. sayarinapm@hotmail.com



Recent studies have identified macrophage-mediated injury as an important component in the development of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between serum allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) concentration, which is a marker of activated macrophages, and diabetic nephropathy.


Serum AIF-1 concentrations were measured in 284 patients with type 2 diabetes. We evaluated relationships of serum AIF-1 concentrations to degree of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses.


Serum AIF-1 concentrations positively correlated with logarithm of UAE (r=0.260, P<0.0001), whereas serum AIF-1 concentrations inversely correlated with eGFR (r=-0.312, P<0.0001). Mean serum AIF-1 concentration was higher in patients with macroalbuminuria than that in patients with normoalbuminuria (P=0.0001) or that in patients with microalbuminuria (P=0.0093). In multivariate linear regression analyses, serum AIF-1 concentrations were independently correlated with logarithm of UAE (β=0.213, P=0.0120) and with eGFR (β=-0.286, P=0.0011).


Serum AIF-1 concentration correlated with albuminuria and eGFR in patients with type 2 diabetes and it could be a marker of diabetic nephropathy as well as activated macrophages.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk