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Radiat Res. 2012 Jun;177(6):781-91. Epub 2012 May 4.

Myeloid progenitors: a radiation countermeasure that is effective when initiated days after irradiation.

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  • 1Radiation Countermeasures Program, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20889-5603, USA. vijay.singh@usuhs.edu

Abstract

The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential of mouse myeloid progenitor cells (mMPC) to mitigate lethal doses of (60)Co γ radiation and X rays in various strains of mice. Different cell doses of pooled allogeneic mMPC generated ex vivo from AKR, C57Bl/6, and FVB mice were transfused intravenously into haplotype-mismatched recipient Balb/c or CD2F1 mice at various times after irradiation to assess their effect on 30-day survival. Our results show that cryopreserved allogeneic mMPC significantly improve survival in both strains of mice irradiated with lethal doses of (60)Co γ radiation (CD2F1, 9.2 Gy) and X-ray exposures (Balb/c, 9 Gy) that are known to cause acute radiation syndrome in hematopoietic tissues. Survival benefit was mMPC-dose dependent and significant even when mMPC administration was delayed up to 7 days after irradiation. We further show that mMPC administration mitigates death from acute radiation syndrome at radiation doses of up to 15 Gy ((60)Co γ radiation, CD2F1), which are radiation exposure levels that cause mice to succumb to multi-organ failure, and determined that the dose-reduction factor of 5 million mMPC administered 24 h after irradiation of CD2F1 mice is 1.73. Even at high doses of up to 14 Gy (60)Co γ radiation, mMPC administration could be delayed up to 5 days in CD2F1 mice and still provide significant benefit to 30-day survival. These results demonstrate that mMPC are a promising radiation countermeasure with the potential to mitigate radiation injury in unmatched recipients across a broad range of lethal radiation doses, even when administration is delayed days after radiation exposure. With respect to efficacy, timing, and practicality of administration, mMPC appear to be a very promising radiation countermeasure for acute radiation syndrome among all candidate therapeutics currently under development.

PMID:
22559205
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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