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PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e36189. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036189. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Magnitude and correlates of intimate partner violence against women and its outcome in Southwest Ethiopia.

Author information

  • 1Department of General Public health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. kebededeka@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a major public health problem with serious consequences. This study was conducted to assess the magnitude of IPV in Southwest Ethiopia in predominantly rural community.

METHODS:

This community based cross-sectional study was conducted in May, 2009 in Southwest Ethiopia using the World Health Organization core questionnaire to measure violence against women. Trained data collectors interviewed 851 ever-married women. Stata version 10.1 software and SPSS version 12.0.1 for windows were used for data analysis.

RESULT:

In this study the life time prevalence of sexual or physical partner violence, or both was 64.7% (95%CI: 61.4%-67.9%). The lifetime sexual violence [50.1% (95% CI: 46.7%-53.4%)] was considerably more prevalent than physical violence [41.1% (95%:37.8-44.5)]. A sizable proportion [41.5%(95%CI: 38.2%-44.8%)] of women reported physical or sexual violence, or both, in the past year. Men who were controlling were more likely to be violent against their partner.

CONCLUSION:

Physical and sexual violence is common among ever-married women in Southwest Ethiopia. Interventions targeting controlling men might help in reducing IPV. Further prospective longitudinal studies among ever-married women are important to identify predictors and to study the dynamics of violence over time.

PMID:
22558376
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3338498
Free PMC Article
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