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Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2012 Aug;105(3):189-93. doi: 10.1007/s13149-012-0234-4. Epub 2012 May 3.

[Epidemiological data on scorpion envenomation in Algeria].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Direction de la prévention, Ministère de la santé, de la population et de la réforme hospitalière El Mouradia, Alger, Algérie. hhellaldz@yahoo.fr

Abstract

The scorpion envenomation is a major public health problem in Algeria. Given this fact, the Ministry of Health has developed a national strategy for prevention and control based on the training of health personnel, information, education and communication, and standardization of care on the basis of a therapeutic consensus. The monitoring and evaluation activities are carried out by epidemiological indicators through the implementation of an information system based in the services of Epidemiology, INSP (National Institute of Public Health) and Prevention Department of the Health Ministry. The information carriers are report cards implemented in different health facilities that collect data on bites and deaths from scorpion envenomation. Summaries of notifications from the wilayas are collected monthly, and processed by the Epi info software using monitoring indicators. From 1991 to 2010, there has been a stagnation in the number of stings with an average of 50,000 cases per year, but mortality decreased from more than 100 deaths in the last fifty years to 50 nowadays. The higher proportion of stings was recorded during the summer period. The most affected group is from 15 to 49 years which constitute the workforce, but children from 5 to 14 years rank first in terms of mortality. But these rates vary across years and regions. Despite all these efforts, the scorpion envenomation in Algeria remains of concern and our main challenges are to strengthen cross-sectional actions at the local level and improving the quality of care.

PMID:
22555670
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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