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Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2012 Sep;38(5):444-9. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2012.670338. Epub 2012 May 3.

Spirituality and religion: intertwined protective factors for substance use among urban American Indian youth.

Author information

  • 1Sociology Program, School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University , Tempe, AZ 85287-3701, USA. kulis@asu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

This article explores the aspects of spirituality and religious involvement that may be the protective factors against substance use among urban American Indian (AI) youth.

METHODS:

Data come from AI youth (N = 123) in five urban middle schools in a southwestern metropolis.

RESULTS:

Ordinary least squares regression analyses indicated that following Christian beliefs and belonging to the Native American Church were associated with lower levels of substance use.

CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE:

Following AI traditional spiritual beliefs was associated with antidrug attitudes, norms, and expectancies. Having a sense of belonging to traditions from both AI cultures and Christianity may foster integration of the two worlds in which urban AI youth live.

PMID:
22554065
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3431460
Free PMC Article
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