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Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012 Nov 1;17(6):e1028-33.

The efficacy of acupuncture and decompression splints in the treatment of temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction syndrome.

Author information

  • 1University of Las Palmas, Grand Canary Island (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria). mmvicenteb@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The goal of the present study was to evaluate the results of applying acupuncture or occlusal decompression splints in the treatment of patients diagnosed with the temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction syndrome.

DESIGN OF THE STUDY:

We conducted a randomized clinical trial including 20 patients to whom the mentioned treatments were applied. Results were evaluated through an analogue pain scale, measurements of mouth opening and jaw lateral deviation in millimetres, and assessment of sensitivity to pressure on different points: preauricular, masseter muscle, temporal muscle and trapezius. Parameters were evaluated before and 30 days after the treatment. For standardized pressure, we used a pressure algometer.

RESULTS:

Patients treated with decompression splints showed reductions in subjective pain and pain upon pressure on temporal, masseter and trapezius muscles, as well as increased mouth opening after the treatment. Patients treated with acupuncture showed pain reduction in the short term and improvements in all of the evaluated para-meters (stronger pressure was required to produce pain; mouth opening was improved).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture was an effective complement and/or an acceptable alternative to decompression splints in the treatment of myofascial pain and temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction syndrome.

PMID:
22549668
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3505698
Free PMC Article

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