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J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Jun 26;142(1):53-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2012.04.012. Epub 2012 Apr 18.

Regulation of signaling molecules associated with insulin action, insulin secretion and pancreatic β-cell mass in the hypoglycemic effects of Korean red ginseng in Goto-Kakizaki rats.

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  • 1Division for Metabolism and Functionality Research, Korea Food Research Institute, 516 Baekhyun-dong, Bundang-gu, Songnam-si, Kyonggi-do 463-746, Republic of Korea. khyey@kfri.re.kr

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Korean red ginseng (KRG) has long history as herbal remedy for antidiabetic effect.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

To study molecular mechanisms by which KRG ameliorates diabetes mellitus, we investigated whether the supplementation with the aqueous extract of KRG as a dietary admixture (1%, w/w) regulates the expressions of signaling molecules that are associated with insulin action, insulin secretion and pancreatic β-cell mass in spontaneously diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats.

METHODS:

An aqueous extract of KRG was supplemented for the estimated dosage to be 0.2 g/kg rat/day beginning at 5 weeks of age for 12 weeks in male GK rats. Plasma glucose levels were measured every 4 weeks. The expressions of signaling molecules that are associated with insulin action, insulin secretion and β-cell mass in tissues were determined by Western blotting.

RESULTS:

The 12-week supplementation with KRG significantly (P<0.05) decreased blood glucose compared to control. It up-regulated the expression of glucose transporter (GLUT) 4 in adipose tissue, and down-regulated the expression of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP)-1B in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. It also up-regulated the expression of insulin and down-regulated the expression of uncoupling protein (UCP) 2, Bax and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in pancreas.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that GLUT4, PTP-1B, insulin, UCP2, Bax and PARP may be the primary targets of KRG that result in increase in insulin action and in insulin secretion, and decrease in β-cell mass, and that cause the normalization in glucose homeostasis.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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