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Opt Express. 2012 Apr 23;20(9):9713-25. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.009713.

Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field.

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  • 1School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Abstract

We theoretically investigate the isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field. It is found that the large initial population of the excited state can lead to the high density of the free electrons in the medium and the large distortion of the driving laser field after propagation, though it benefits large enhancement of harmonic intensity in single atom response. These effects can weaken the phase-match of the macroscopic supercontinuum. On the contrary, the small initial population of 4% can generate well phase-match intense supercontinuum. We also investigate an isolated attosecond pulse generation by using a filter centered on axis to select the harmonics in the far field. Our results reveal that the radius of the spatial filter should be chosen to be small enough to reduce the duration of the isolated attosecond pulse due to the curvature effect of spatiotemporal profiles of the generated attosecond pulses in the far field.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

PMID:
22535063
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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