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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012 Jun;162(2):121-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2012.02.030. Epub 2012 Apr 24.

Rectosigmoid deep infiltrating endometriosis and ureteral involvement with loss of renal function.

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  • 1Endometriosis Unit, Gynecology Service, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.


Endometriosis is a complex disease with unclear pathogenesis, defined as the presence of endometrial tissue (glands and stroma) outside its usual location in the uterine cavity. Ureteral involvement is rare, with an estimated frequency of 10-14% in cases of deep endometriosis with nodules of 3 cm or larger. An important complication of ureteral involvement is asymptomatic loss of renal function. In a patient with asymptomatic renal failure the relevance of extrinsic ureteral involvement by deep endometriosis has been taken to account.


A 32-year-old nulliparous woman presented with chronic pelvic pain associated with severe dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and digestive problems including diarrhea, occasional constipation and rectal bleeding. She reported no urological symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) identified a 4 cm nodule in the recto-vaginal septum, compressing and infiltrating the rectal wall, and chronic left hydronephrosis. Isotope renogram revealed 91% function in the right kidney and 9% in the left kidney. A multidisciplinary surgical team including consultants from the departments of digestive surgery and urology assessed the patient. The treatment recommended was a joint approach of laparoscopic surgery to perform adhesiolysis, ureterolysis, freeing of the uterus and appendages, resection of the rectovaginal septum nodule, and left nephrectomy.


Diagnosis and treatment of deep endometriosis should be performed in specialized centers and in the context of multidisciplinary collaboration. We must be aware of the potential risk of ureteral involvement and the asymptomatic loss of renal function in any patient with endometriosis nodules of 3 cm or larger.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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