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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Nov;25(11):2186-9. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2012.684107. Epub 2012 May 15.

Foetal and neonatal outcomes in women reporting ingestion of low or very low alcohol intake during pregnancy.

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  • 1Korean Motherisk Program, Seoul, South Korea.



This study aimed to assess the pregnancy outcomes of women who reported social intake of low or very low alcohol levels during pregnancy.


Obstetric and foetal outcomes were assessed in a prospective cohort of 1667 pregnant women who reported low or very low alcohol consumption during pregnancy (cases) and 1840 alcohol-abstainer women (controls).


Among cases, alcohol consumption occurred during the first 4.4 (median) weeks of pregnancy, with a median ingestion of 1.0 (0.01-6.0) drinks/week, equivalent to 7.6 (0.09-47.5) g/week. Cigarette smoking was reported approximately four times more often in the exposed group than in the controls (p < 0.001). Pregnancy outcomes were similar between groups. There were 37 (2.4%) babies born with malformations in the exposed group and 41 (2.4%) in the control group (p = 0.9).


Low-to-very low levels of alcohol ingestion during pregnancy do not appear to be associated with adverse maternal or foetal outcomes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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