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Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2012 Nov;38(6):588-92. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2012.673664. Epub 2012 Apr 23.

Differences in self-reported discrimination by primary type of drug used among New York City drug users.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. ncraw@umich.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Illicit drug users experience various forms of discrimination which may vary by type of drug used, as there are different levels of stigma associated with different types of drugs.

OBJECTIVES:

This study investigated self-report of perceived discrimination by primary type of drug used.

METHODS:

This analysis used data from "Social Ties Associated with Risk of Transition into Injection Drug Use" (START), a cross-sectional study of recently initiated injection drug users (IDUs) and prospective study of heroin/crack/cocaine-using non-IDUs (n = 652). Using log binomial regression, the relationship between primary drug used (i.e., single drug used most often) with discrimination due to drug use was examined.

RESULTS:

Heroin users were significantly more likely (Prevalence ratio (PR): 1.52 (95% Confidence interval (CI): 1.15-2.07)) to report discrimination due to drug use compared to cocaine users. CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANce: More research is needed to understand the mechanism through which discrimination affects heroin users, and its potential relation with other discrimination-related outcomes, namely depression and drug treatment.

PMID:
22524147
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3686105
Free PMC Article
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