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Adv Parasitol. 2012;78:169-262. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-394303-3.00010-4.

The changing limits and incidence of malaria in Africa: 1939-2009.

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  • 1Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.

Abstract

Understanding the historical, temporal changes of malaria risk following control efforts in Africa provides a unique insight into what has been and might be archived towards a long-term ambition of elimination on the continent. Here, we use archived published and unpublished material combined with biological constraints on transmission accompanied by a narrative on malaria control to document the changing incidence of malaria in Africa since earliest reports pre-second World War. One result is a more informed mapped definition of the changing margins of transmission in 1939, 1959, 1979, 1999 and 2009.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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