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Alcohol and Other Drug Screening of Hospitalized Trauma Patients.


Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.


Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 1995. Report No.: (SMA) 95-3039.
SAMHSA/CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocols.


This TIP Alcohol and Other Drug Screening of Hospitalized Trauma Patients examines the extensive role that alcohol and other drug abuse plays in traumatic injury. The costs of injury to both individuals and society are high. In financial terms, the annual direct and indirect costs of providing care for injured persons are higher than the costs of care for persons with cancer or heart disease. Persons who sustain one injury are at greatly increased risk of reinjuring themselves and others. Untreated substance use disorders are thought to be the cause of a large portion of reinjury. For these and other reasons, the consensus panel recommends universal alcohol and drug screening of injured patients ages 14 and older upon hospital admission.

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