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Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2012 Jul;15(1):73-6. doi: 10.1093/icvts/ivs055. Epub 2012 Apr 18.

The tumour shape of lung adenocarcinoma is related to the postoperative prognosis.

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  • 1Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.


We evaluated the tumour shape as a potential prognostic indicator in lung adenocarcinoma patients. Among 994 patients who underwent curative surgery, 78 cases of adenocarcinoma (N0M0) with tumours ≥ 31 mm in diameter were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups based on the ratio between the longest and the smallest axis length. The patients who had tumours whose ratios were > 0.5 were defined as the globular shape group (GL) and the others, whose ratio was 0.5 or less, were defined as the ellipse shape group (EL). The 78 patients were divided into two subgroups (57 in the GL and 21 in the EL). The tumour shape was related to the prognosis, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate in the GL was 51.5%, and that in the EL was 85.5% (P = 0.018). The 5-year disease-free survival rate of the GL was 46.6% and that of the EL patients was 85.0% (P = 0.04). The multivariate analysis showed that the shape of the tumour and the presence of pleural invasion were the independent and significant factors predicting the OS (P = 0.04 and P < 0.01, respectively). In adenocarcinoma patients, the shape of the tumour is related to the postoperative survival.

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