Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Dec;87(23):9207-10.

Fuel selection in rufous hummingbirds: ecological implications of metabolic biochemistry.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.


Hummingbirds in flight display the highest rates of aerobic metabolism known among vertebrates. Their flight muscles possess sufficient maximal activities of hexokinase and carnitine palmitoyltransferase to allow the exclusive use of either glucose or long-chain fatty acids as metabolic fuels during flight. Respiratory quotients (RQ = VCO2/VO2) indicate that fatty acid oxidation serves as the primary energy source in fasted resting birds, while subsequent foraging occurs with a rapid shift towards the use of carbohydrate as the metabolic fuel. We suggest that hummingbirds building up fat deposits in preparation for migration behave as carbohydrate maximizers (or fat minimizers) with respect to the metabolic fuels selected to power foraging flight.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk