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Hybridoma (Larchmt). 2012 Apr;31(2):77-86. doi: 10.1089/hyb.2011.0100.

Anti-caveolin-1 antibodies as anti-prostate cancer therapeutics.

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  • 1Cancer Research Institute, Department of Medicine, Scott & White Hospital, Texas A&M University Health Science Center, Temple, Texas 76502, USA.

Abstract

Caveolae are critical cell surface structures important in coordinated cell signaling and endocytosis. One of the major proteins of caveolae is caveolin 1 (Cav-1). Cellular levels of Cav-1 are associated with cancer progression. In prostate cancer cells, levels of Cav-1 are positively correlated with tumor progression and metastasis. Cav-1 can be secreted by prostate cancer cells into the microenvironment and triggers proliferation and anti-apoptosis of the tumor and tumor endothelial cells. Clinical studies have shown increased serum Cav-1 levels in patients with poor prognosis. In tissue culture and animal model experiments, blocking secreted Cav-1 by polyclonal antibodies inhibits tumor cell growth. Cav-1 is therefore a potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer treatment. In this study, we used Cav-1 knock-out mice as hosts to produce monoclonal anti-Cav-1 antibodies. A total of 11 hybridoma cell lines were selected for their ability to produce antibodies that bound GST-Cav-1 but not GST on glutathione-coated ELISA plates. Further screening with ELISAs using GST-Cav-1 fragments on GSH-coated plates classified these antibodies into four groups: N1-31 with five antibodies binds the far N-terminus between amino acids 1 and 31; N32-80 with three antibodies binds between amino acids 32 and 80; CSD with two antibodies potentially bind the scaffolding domain (amino acids 80-101); and Cav-1-C with 1 antibody binds parts of the C-terminal half. Binding affinities (Kd) of these antibodies to soluble Cav-1 ranged from 10(-11) to 10(-8) M. Binding competition experiments revealed that these antibodies recognized a total of six different epitopes on Cav-1. Potency of these antibodies to neutralize Cav-1-mediated signaling pathways in cultured cells and in animal models will be tested. A selected monoclonal antibody will then be humanized and be further developed into a potential anti-prostate cancer therapeutic.

PMID:
22509911
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3326273
Free PMC Article
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