Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Opin Hematol. 2012 Jul;19(4):261-7. doi: 10.1097/MOH.0b013e328353d4e9.

MicroRNAs: key players of normal and malignant myelopoiesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.



Recent data show that microRNAs play critical roles in the regulation of the developmental process of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells toward mature myeloid cells. The main focus of the article is the function of some evolutionary conserved microRNAs that are abundantly expressed and tightly regulated during myelopoiesis.


Global microRNA depletion studies in hematopoietic stem cells have shown the importance of microRNA-controlled pathways for hematopoiesis. Recent insights from genetic mouse models and overexpression or deletion of microRNAs in developmental cell intermediates demonstrate strong evidence for evolutionary conserved microRNA-regulated pathways involved in tight control of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis at different stages of blood cell development. It is becoming evident that the myeloid transcription factor PU.1 regulates the expression of critical microRNAs including miR-17∼92 and miR-146a during myelopoiesis. Furthermore, there is evidence for the contribution of aberrant miR-125 activities in hematopoietic disorders including myeloid leukemia.


Despite the large number of articles describing differential microRNA expression during hematopoiesis, microRNA functions and their downstream pathways in myeloid lineage decisions and leukemia are only recently emerging. Here we discuss new findings concerning PU.1-controlled microRNAs and miR-125-regulated networks in normal and malignant myelopoiesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk