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Enzyme Microb Technol. 2012 May 10;50(6-7):343-7. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2012.03.005. Epub 2012 Mar 22.

Repeated fermentation from raw starch using Saccharomyces cerevisiae displaying both glucoamylase and α-amylase.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodaicho, Nada-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 657-8501, Japan.


A diploid yeast strain displaying both α-amylase and glucoamylase was developed for repeated fermentation from raw starch. First, the construct of α-amylase was optimized for cell surface display, as there have been no reports of α-amylase-displaying yeast. The modified yeast displaying both glucoamylase and α-amylase produced 46.5 g/l of ethanol from 200 g/l of raw corn starch after 120 h of fermentation, and this was 1.5-fold higher when compared to native α-amylase-displaying yeast. Using the glucoamylase and modified α-amylase co-displaying diploid strain, we repeated fermentation from 100g/l of raw starch for 23 cycles without the loss of α-amylase or glucoamylase activity. The average ethanol productivity and yield during repeated fermentation were 1.61 g/l/h and 76.6% of the theoretical yield, respectively. This novel yeast may be useful for reducing the cost of bio-ethanol production and may be suitable for industrial-scale bio-ethanol production.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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