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Toxicol Mech Methods. 2012 May;22(4):268-76. doi: 10.3109/15376516.2011.647112.

Single-wall carbon nanotubes induce oxidative stress in rat aortic endothelial cells.

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  • 1Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Tianjin, China.

Abstract

Oxidative stress is a major factor contributing to endothelial cell damage. Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have oxidative properties; however, the oxidative effects of SWCNTs on endothelial cells are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of oxidative stress induced by SWCNTs on rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs). Various markers of cellular damage were assessed, such as biochemical and ES immunity indexes, and DNA and protein damage. Our findings suggest that RAEC endured oxidative damage following SWCNT exposure. Specifically, after SWCNTs exposure, non-enzymatic antioxidant glutathione was activated prior to superoxide dismutase activation in order to defend against oxidative stress. Additionally, it was found that as SWCNT concentration increased, so did the stress protein, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), expression levels. These changes may induce RAEC damage, and result in many serious diseases.

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