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Prev Med. 2012 Jun;54(6):408-14. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.03.019. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

A community-based randomized trial of a faith-placed intervention to reduce cervical cancer burden in Appalachia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0086, USA. tina.studts@uky.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Faith Moves Mountains assessed the effectiveness of a faith-placed lay health advisor (LHA) intervention to increase Papanicolaou (Pap) test use among middle-aged and older women in a region disproportionately affected by cervical cancer and low screening rates (regionally, only 68% screened in prior 3 years).

METHOD:

This community-based RCT was conducted in four Appalachian Kentucky counties (December 2005-June 2008). Women aged 40-64 and overdue for screening were recruited from churches and individually randomized to treatment (n=176) or wait-list control (n=169). The intervention provided LHA home visits and newsletters addressing barriers to screening. Self-reported Pap test receipt was the primary outcome.

RESULTS:

Intention-to-treat analyses revealed that treatment group participants (17.6% screened) had over twice the odds of wait-list controls (11.2% screened) of reporting Pap test receipt post-intervention, OR=2.56, 95% CI: 1.03-6.38, p=0.04. Independent of group, recently screened participants (last Pap >1 but <5 years ago) had significantly higher odds of obtaining screening during the study than rarely or never screened participants (last Pap ≥5 years ago), OR=2.50, 95% CI: 1.48-4.25, p=0.001.

CONCLUSIONS:

The intervention was associated with increased cervical cancer screening. The faith-placed LHA addressing barriers comprises a novel approach to reducing cervical cancer disparities among Appalachian women.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22498022
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3368037
Free PMC Article

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