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Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Aug;40(14):6683-92. doi: 10.1093/nar/gks324. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

Negative regulation of miR-145 by C/EBP-β through the Akt pathway in cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Cell Biology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794, USA.

Abstract

MicroRNAs are master gene regulators that can also be under the control of transcriptional regulation. We have previously shown that miR-145 is a tumor suppressor capable of silencing c-Myc and the tumor suppressor p53 induces miR-145 by directly binding to the miR-145 promoter, demonstrating the role of miR-145 in p53-mediated c-Myc repression. However, little is known as to why miR-145 is often downregulated in tumors. In this study, we identify CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBP-β) as a negative regulator for miR-145 expression by direct interaction with the putative C/EBP-β binding site in the miR-145 promoter. In the wild-type p53 background, C/EBP-β counteracts the ability of p53 to induce miR-145. Moreover, C/EBP-β is able to suppress miR-145 in the mutant p53 background, suggesting the p53 independent regulation of miR-145. Of interest, both the large isoform (LAP-2) and the small isoform (LIP) of C/EBP-β can exert suppressive function for miR-145. Finally, we further show that, like serum starvation and PI3K inhibitor LY29, the antioxidant resveratrol suppresses pAkt and phosphorylation of C/EBP-β and at the same time, it induces miR-145. Together, these results suggest a miR-145 regulatory system involving the Akt and C/EBP-β, which may contribute to the downregulation of miR-145 in cancer cells.

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