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Sci Signal. 2012 Apr 10;5(219):ra29. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2002299.

Direct binding between Orai1 and AC8 mediates dynamic interplay between Ca2+ and cAMP signaling.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PD, UK.

Abstract

The interplay between calcium ion (Ca(2+)) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling underlies crucial aspects of cell homeostasis. The membrane-bound Ca(2+)-regulated adenylyl cyclases (ACs) are pivotal points of this integration. These enzymes display high selectivity for Ca(2+) entry arising from the activation of store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) channels, and they have been proposed to functionally colocalize with SOC channels to reinforce crosstalk between the two signaling pathways. Using a multidisciplinary approach, we have identified a direct interaction between the amino termini of Ca(2+)-stimulated AC8 and Orai1, the pore component of SOC channels. High-resolution biosensors targeted to the AC8 and Orai1 microdomains revealed that this protein-protein interaction is responsible for coordinating subcellular changes in both Ca(2+) and cAMP. The demonstration that Orai1 functions as an integral component of a highly organized signaling complex to coordinate Ca(2+) and cAMP signals underscores how SOC channels can be recruited to maximize the efficiency of the interplay between these two ubiquitous signaling pathways.

PMID:
22494970
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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