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Nano Lett. 2013 Mar 13;13(3):855-60. doi: 10.1021/nl300060b. Epub 2012 Apr 17.

Sol-flame synthesis: a general strategy to decorate nanowires with metal oxide/noble metal nanoparticles.

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  • 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States.

Abstract

The hybrid structure of nanoparticle-decorated nanowires (NP@NW) combines the merits of large specific surface areas for NPs and anisotropic properties for NWs and is a desirable structure for applications including batteries, dye-sensitized solar cells, photoelectrochemical water splitting, and catalysis. Here, we report a novel sol-flame method to synthesize the NP@NW hybrid structure with two unique characteristics: (1) large loading of NPs per NW with the morphology of NP chains fanning radially from the NW core and (2) intimate contact between NPs and NWs. Both features are advantageous for the above applications that involve both surface reactions and charge transport processes. Moreover, the sol-flame method is simple and general, with which we have successfully decorated various NWs with binary/ternary metal oxide and even noble metal NPs. The unique aspects of the sol-flame method arise from the ultrafast heating rate and the high temperature of flame, which enables rapid solvent evaporation and combustion, and the combustion gaseous products blow out NPs as they nucleate, forming the NP chains around NWs.

PMID:
22494023
[PubMed]
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