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Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2012 Jan;46(1):16-21.

[Development of national neglect norms for children aged 3 to 6 years in rural areas of China].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, Faculty of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, China. jppan@126.com



To develop the national neglect norms for rural children aged 3 to 6 years, which are suitable for Chinese situations.


According to the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling principle, 84 towns of 10 provinces or municipalities were selected in China. Children aged 3 to 6 years were surveyed in November 2010, the sample of analysis were 3240 (of whom males were 49.6% (1608/3240) and the Han nationality were 93.3% (3023/3240)). Questionnaire was designed by authors and deleted items that did not meet the requirements through several statistical analysis methods, such as item analysis method, factor analysis method, reliability analysis method. The reliability analysis and validity analysis were used to test the stability and reliability of the norm. The evaluation criteria of the scale was determined by the percentile method, then the initial development of the norm completed.


After deleting inappropriate items by statistical processing, finally, the scale consisted of 57 items, and included 6 neglected dimensions (physical neglect, emotional neglect, educational neglect, safe neglect, medical neglect and social neglect). Its item loadings ranged from 0.359 to 0.789, which met the statistical requirements. The scale's total Cronbach α coefficients 0.904, the total split-half reliability coefficients were 0.820, the 6 neglect dimensions' Cronbach α coefficients ranged from 0.620 to 0.815, the 6 neglect dimensions' split-half reliability coefficients ranged from -0.034 to 0.789, the scale's parallel reliability were 0.785 and it's re-test reliability were 0.613. After construct validity, external validity and content validity testing, the result showed that this scale could effectively reflect the real neglected status of children investigated. The total neglect cut-off score of this scale were 121.


The scale has good stability and reliability. And it adapts Chinese conditions and it's convenient to operate.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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