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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2012;136(3):175-9. doi: 10.1159/000336976. Epub 2012 Apr 2.

Chromosome painting of the pygmy tree shrew shows that no derived cytogenetic traits link primates and scandentia.

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  • 1Section Animal Biology and Biological Anthropology G. Reverberi, Department of Environment Biology and Biodiversity, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.


We hybridized human chromosome paints on metaphases of the pygmy tree shrew (Tupaia minor, Scandentia). The lack of the ancestral mammalian 4/8 association in both Primates and Scandentia was long considered a cytogenetic landmark that phylogenetically linked these mammalian orders. However, our results show that the association 4/8 is present in Tupaia along with not previously reported associations for 1/18 and 7/10. Altogether there are 11 syntenic associations of human chromosome segments in the pygmy tree shrew karyotype: 1/18, 2/21, 3/21, 4/8, 7/10, 7/16, 11/20, 12/22 (twice), 14/15 and 16/19. Our data remove any cytogenetic evidence that Scandentia has a preferential phylogenetic relationship with Primates.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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