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Transpl Infect Dis. 2012 Aug;14(4):387-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3062.2012.00729.x. Epub 2012 Apr 9.

Demodicidosis simulating acute graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation in one patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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  • 1Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.


One important differential diagnosis of facial erythema in a patient receiving an allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) is acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Demodex folliculorum has been rarely implicated in the development of facial rashes in immunosuppressed patients, including BMT recipients. We report the case of a patient, suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who after bone marrow transplantation developed a facial rash due to D. folliculorum mimicking GVHD. Differential diagnosis of facial rashes and demodicidosis after BMT is reviewed.

© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

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