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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Jun;1824(6):802-12. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2012.03.009. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Cloning, expression, and characterization of a cellobiose dehydrogenase from Thielavia terrestris induced under cellulose growth conditions.

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  • 1Novozymes, Inc., Davis, CA 95618, USA. jsln@novozymes.com

Abstract

The enzyme cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) is of considerable interest, not only for its biotechnological applications, but also its potential biological role in lignocellulosic biomass breakdown. The enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of cellobiose and other cellodextrins, utilizing a variety of one- and two-electron acceptors, although the electron acceptor employed in nature is still unknown. In this study we show that a CDH is present in the secretome of the thermophilic ascomycete Thielavia terrestris when grown with cellulose, along with a mixture of cellulases and hemicellulases capable of breaking down lignocellulosic biomass. We report the cloning of this T. terrestris CDH gene (cbdA), its recombinant expression in Aspergillus oryzae, and purification and characterization of the T. terrestris CDH protein (TtCDH). The TtCDH shows spectral properties and enzyme activity similar to other characterized CDH enzymes. Substrate specificity was determined for a number of carbohydrate electron donors in the presence of the two-electron acceptor 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol. The TtCDH also shows dramatic synergy with Thermoascus aurantiacus glycoside hydrolase family 61A protein in the presence of a β-glucosidase for the cleavage of cellulose.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22484439
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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