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PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e34587. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034587. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Proteasome inhibitor bortezomib ameliorates intestinal injury in mice.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. yanabak-der@h.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor that has shown impressive efficacy in the treatment of multiple myeloma. In mice, the addition of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) to drinking water leads to acute colitis that can serve as an experimental animal model for human ulcerative colitis.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Bortezomib treatment was shown to potently inhibit murine DSS-induced colitis. The attenuation of DSS-induced colitis was associated with decreased inflammatory cell infiltration in the colon. Specifically, bortezomib-treated mice showed significantly decreased numbers of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in the colon and mesenteric lymph nodes. Bortezomib treatment significantly diminished interferon (IFN)-γ expression in the colon and mesenteric lymph nodes. Furthermore, cytoplasmic IFN-γ production by CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in mesenteric lymph nodes was substantially decreased by bortezomib treatment. Notably, bortezomib enhanced T cell apoptosis by inhibiting nuclear factor-κB activation during DSS-induced colitis.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Bortezomib treatment is likely to induce T cell death, thereby suppressing DSS-induced colitis by reducing IFN-γ production.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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