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PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e34508. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034508. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

IFITM proteins restrict antibody-dependent enhancement of dengue virus infection.

Author information

  • 1New England Primate Research Center, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Southborough, Massachusetts, United States of America. ykchan@fas.harvard.edu

Abstract

Interferon-inducible transmembrane (IFITM) proteins restrict the entry processes of several pathogenic viruses, including the flaviviruses West Nile virus and dengue virus (DENV). DENV infects cells directly or via antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) in Fc-receptor-bearing cells, a process thought to contribute to severe disease in a secondary infection. Here we investigated whether ADE-mediated DENV infection bypasses IFITM-mediated restriction or whether IFITM proteins can be protective in a secondary infection. We observed that IFITM proteins restricted ADE-mediated and direct infection with comparable efficiencies in a myelogenous leukemia cell line. Our data suggest that IFITM proteins can contribute to control of secondary DENV infections.

PMID:
22479637
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3316688
Free PMC Article

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