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Trop Doct. 2012 Apr 3. [Epub ahead of print]

Multiple outbreaks of trichinellosis with high mortality rate.

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  • 1* Department of Pathology, VCSG Government Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India.


Trichinellosis, a parasitic zoonosis, has only rarely been documented in India. This is the first report of multiple outbreaks of human trichinellosis following the consumption of raw or undercooked wild boar meat, with high mortality, in India (2008-2011). Medical records of 42 trichinosis patients from the remote areas of Uttarakhand, were analysed retrospectively and prospectively. Of 42 patients aged 7-60 years, 69% were male, 31% were female. A history of eating wild boar meat was given by all of them, but the signs, symptoms and laboratory findings varied. Muscle biopsies revealed larvae in 19% of patients. Eleven patients (26.2%) died as a result of late diagnosis and/or treatment. The aim of this study is to emphasize the magnitude of the problem, to educate people and to help implement epidemiological studies and preventive measures.

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