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Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Mar;16(2):228-35. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.93740.

Nephrolithiasis: Endocrine evaluation.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.


Nephrolithias is a common problem in populations around the world, and contribute significantly to the development of end stage renal disease. It is a matter of debate whether the metabolic factors responsible for renal stone formation are similar or variable in different populations around the globe. This review discusses the influence of different metabolic and dietary factor, and some other co-morbid conditions on the etiopathogenesis Nephrolithiasis. Evaluation and medical management of Nephrolithiasis is summarized in the later part of the article.


Hypercalciuria; hyperparathyroidism; nephrolithiasis; renal stone

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