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J Child Neurol. 2012 Apr;27(4):492-5. doi: 10.1177/0883073812436741.

Lacosamide in refractory mixed pediatric epilepsy: a prospective add-on study.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Neurology, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ, USA.


Lacosamide is a new antiepileptic drug that is currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for adults 17 years or older for partial-onset seizures. The authors reviewed 21 pediatric patients (<17 years) with various seizure types who were started on oral lacosamide as part of a prospective add-on study as adjunctive therapy for refractory epilepsy. Five patients were excluded due to less than 3 months of meaningful follow-up. Maintenance dosages used ranged from 2.4 to 19.4 mg/kg/d. Eight of 16 (50%) patients had greater than 50% reduction in seizure frequency with adjunctive lacosamide therapy. Eight (50%) patients had generalized epilepsy including 4 with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Lacosamide was effective therapy for most seizure types but was particularly effective for partial-onset seizures. Lacosamide was effective in treating 5 of 8 (62.5%) localization-related epilepsies but only 2 of 8 (25%) generalized epilepsies, both Lennox-Gastaut syndrome patients with greater than 90% seizure reduction. None of these very refractory patients remained seizure free.

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