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Int J Psychosom. 1990;37(1-4):78-81.

Axiological aspects of comparing psychotherapy and meditation.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Copernicus School of Medicine, Krakow, Poland.


This article is a general reflection on meditation and psychotherapy considered from the metatheoretical standpoint of the philosophy of science and axiology. It is concluded that in practice they differ in respect of functions, goals, and relation between participants. While the traditional aim of psychotherapy is to restore health, that of meditation is self-development through a specific way of life and practices. The master passes on his discipline a definite system of values and philosophy of life, whereas the therapist assists the patient in eliminating pathological symptoms through psychotherapeutic maneuver. The pitfalls of unwarranted interpretation of scientific data on meditation are presented.

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