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Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 May-Jun;28(3):169-70. doi: 10.1097/IOP.0b013e318244a380.

Gender differences in benign essential blepharospasm.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Detection of differences in disease characteristics between male and female patients with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB).

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed charts of 32 male and 61 female BEB patients, comparing the time interval between treatments with botulinum toxin A. We prospectively compared BEB-related questionnaire results between 36 female and 15 male patients.

RESULTS:

The mean interval between treatment in weeks was 16.69 for men and 17.31 for women (p = 0.19). The questionnaire results showed a higher degree of symptom severity and frequency in women over men. (p = 0.008), but similar responses for disease-related handicap in daily activities.

CONCLUSIONS:

Aside from greater symptom severity and frequency among women, we found no significant differences between male and female patients with BEB.

PMID:
22460669
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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