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Indian J Pharm Sci. 2011 May;73(3):276-81. doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.93511.

Preparation of evodiamine solid dispersions and its pharmacokinetics.

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  • 1The National Laboratory of Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics, Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, Tianjin 300193, China.

Abstract

In order to increase the dissolution rate and bioavailability, solid dispersions of evodiamine in PVP K(30) with different enriched samples of evodiamine to PVP K(30) ratios were prepared by solvent method. Our studies showed that the dissolution rate of evodiamine was significantly higher in the solid dispersion system in comparison with that in enriched samples of evodiamine or physical mixtures. The increase of the dissolution rate was evidently related to the ratio of evodiamine to PVP K(30). The solid dispersion system (enriched samples of evodiamine/PVP K(30)= 1/6, w/w) gave the highest dissolution rate: about 27.7-fold higher than that of enriched samples of evodiamine in hard capsules. Powder X-ray diffraction studies showed that enriched samples of evodiamine presented a total chemical stability after its preparation as solid dispersions. In vivo administration studies indicated that solid dispersions of evodiamine in hard capsules had a higher C(max) and a shorter T(max) than those of physical mixture in hard capsules, and the differences of C(max) and T(max) between them were significant. These results suggest that solid dispersions of evodiamine in hard capsules has a notably faster and greater absorption rate than enriched samples of evodiamine in physical mixture hard capsule and corresponds with the in vitro dissolution.

KEYWORDS:

Dissolution rate; X-ray powder diffraction; evodiamine; pharmacokinetics; solid dispersions

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