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Circ J. 2012;76(4):784-90.

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting--the current state.

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  • 1Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.


The optimal strategy for coronary revascularization remains controversial. Currently, most surgical revascularizations are performed with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (ONCAB), yet over the past 20 years off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) has been increasingly used because of the increased awareness of the deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and aortic manipulation. Small, prospective, randomized controlled trials have lacked sufficient sample size to demonstrate differences in early and long-term outcomes. Larger observational studies that are better powered to statistically compare outcomes have shown more favorable in-hospital outcomes and equivalent long-term outcomes with OPCAB and ONCAB. The benefits of OPCAB techniques may be more apparent for patients at high risk for complications associated with CPB and aortic manipulation. Recent studies have demonstrated improved outcomes in higher-risk patients undergoing OPCAB, as well as improved neurological outcomes. The purpose of this review is to outline the recent literature comparing OPCAB with ONCAB, and to demonstrate efficacy of OPCAB as a useful technique for coronary revascularization.

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