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Anal Sci. 2012;28(3):267-73.

Enhanced electrochemiluminescence employed for the selective detection of methyl parathion based on a zirconia nanoparticle film modified electrode.

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  • 1The State Key Laboratory Base of Novel Functional Materials and Preparation Science, Faculty of Material Science and Chemical Engineering of Ningbo University, China.


A simple, rapid and sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor was proposed for direct measurements of methyl parathion (MP) based on the strong affinity of a nano zirconia particles (ZrO(2) NPs) modified film on the electrode to the phosphoric group. ZrO(2) NPs, which could provide a larger absorption area to immobilize organophosphorus, was firstly modified on the glassy carbon electrode surface to prepare the proposed ECL sensor (ZrO(2)/GC). Subsequently, the ZrO(2)/GC electrode was scanned from -0.8 to +0.6 V to obtain the background signal at 0.44 V in a luminol/KCl solution. Then, a certain concentration of MP was added to an aqueous solution for 240 s, which was absorbed onto the ZrO(2)/GC electrode surface. Moreover, the MP absorbed on the surface of the ZrO(2)/GC electrode enhanced the ECL signal of luminol in the luminol/KCl solution, which increased with the concentration of MP. As a result, a novel ECL sensor was obtained in a luminol/KCl solution. The MP was determined in the range of from 3.8 × 10(-11) to 3.8 × 10(-6) mol L(-1), with a low detection limit of 1.27 × 10(-11) mol L(-1) (S/N = 3). The proposed ECL sensor performance for MP detection will open a new field in the application of rapid and screen detection of ultra-trace amounts of organ phosphorus pesticides (OPs) of vegetables used in farm markets.

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