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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Jun;56(6):3461-4. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00046-12. Epub 2012 Mar 26.

Native valve endocarditis caused by Corynebacterium striatum with heterogeneous high-level daptomycin resistance: collateral damage from daptomycin therapy?

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  • 1University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Houston, Texas, USA.


We describe a patient who developed Corynebacterium striatum native valve endocarditis after receiving two 6-week courses of daptomycin for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and osteomyelitis. The organism exhibited in vitro heteroresistance to daptomycin, with two subpopulations showing daptomycin susceptibility (MIC of ≤ 0.094 μg/ml) and high-level resistance to daptomycin (MIC of ≥ 256 μg/ml). The selection of daptomycin-resistant Gram-positive skin flora with the potential of causing invasive disease may be a concern during prolonged courses of daptomycin.

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