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Arch Microbiol. 1990;154(4):355-61.

Anaerobic degradation of acetone by Desulfococcus biacutus spec. nov.

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  • 1Mikrobiologie I, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

From anaerobic digestor sludge of a waste water treatment plant, a gram-negative, strictly anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacterium was isolated with acetone as sole organic substrate. The bacterium was characterized as a new species, Desulfococcus biacutus. The strain grew with acetone with doubling times of 72 h to 120 h; the growth yield was 12.0 (+/- 2.1) g x [mol acetone]-1. Acetone was oxidized completely, and no isopropanol was formed. In labelling studies with 14CO2, cell lipids (including approx. 50% PHB) of acetone-grown cells became labelled 7 times as high as those of 3-hydroxy-butyrate-grown cells. Enzyme studies indicated that acetone was degraded via acetoacetyl-CoA, and that acetone was channeled into the intermediary metabolism after condensation with carbon dioxide to a C4-compound, possibly free acetoacetate. Acetoacetyl-CoA is cleaved by a thiolase reaction to acetyl-CoA which is completely oxidized through the carbon monoxide dehydrogenase pathway. Strain KMRActS was deposited with the Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen, Braunschweig, under the number DSM 5651.

PMID:
2244787
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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