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Orthop Nurs. 2012 Mar-Apr;31(2):124-30. doi: 10.1097/NOR.0b013e31824fcf47.

Strategies to support self-management in osteoarthritis: five categories of interventions, including education.

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  • 1Arthritis Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.



This overview of successful strategies for supporting self-management in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) defines the concepts of self-management, self-management support (SMS), and self-management education (SME); describes five categories of SMS interventions; identifies common elements across SMS categories; and provides evidence for and examples of self-management tools that are useful in OA. SMS categories include SME, other skill-building and behavior-change interventions, supportive provider interactions, ongoing supportive follow-up, and environmental changes. Where available, relevant OA-specific SMS strategies are used to illustrate these categories.

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