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Exp Parasitol. 2012 May;131(1):133-8. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2012.02.026. Epub 2012 Mar 14.

Toxoplasma gondii: the vaccine potential of three trivalent antigen-cocktails composed of recombinant ROP2, ROP4, GRA4 and SAG1 proteins against chronic toxoplasmosis in BALB/c mice.

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  • 1Department of Immunoparasitology, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland. bodzia@biol.uni.lodz.pl

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is one of the world's most widespread zoonoses caused by protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The development of an effective vaccine for controlling toxoplasmosis is an extremely important issue due to the serious clinical and veterinary outcomes of this parasitosis. The objective of this study was evaluation of vaccine potential of three trivalent subunit recombinant vaccines composed of rROP2+rGRA4+rSAG1, rROP2+rROP4+rGRA4 and rROP2+rROP4+rSAG1 against chronic toxoplasmosis in BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice. All tested vaccines provided a partial protection against challenge with tissue cysts of the low virulence DX T. gondii strain, but the strongest level of protection was induced by the mixtures of both rhoptry proteins (rROP2 and rROP4) administered with the dense granule rGRA4 antigen or the main surface rSAG1 protein. The average parasite burden in these groups of vaccinated BALB/c mice was reduced by 84% and 77%, respectively, compared to the control PBS-injected animals. The vaccine-induced protection was correlated with the development of cellular and humoral immune responses demonstrated by the antigen-specific in vitro proliferation of spleen cells, the specific antigen-induced in vitro synthesis of Th1-type cytokines, IFN-γ and IL-2, and the generation of the high titers of systemic antigen-specific IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies. This study completed and confirmed our earlier investigations in C3H/HeJ (H-2(k)) and C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) mouse strains on the utility of the tested trivalent recombinant antigen-cocktails as potential vaccines against chronic toxoplasmosis and showed that particularly rROP2+rROP4+rGRA4 and rROP2+rROP4+rSAG1 protein-combinations are very effective in the development of a high level of protection irrespective of the genetic backgrounds and innate resistance to toxoplasmosis of the laboratory mice. It makes these two mixtures of recombinant antigens very promising for further experiments.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22445587
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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