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Pediatr Obes. 2012 Feb;7(1):65-72. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2011.00006.x. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

Breakfast consumption and meal frequency interaction with childhood obesity.

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  • 1Third Department of Pediatrics, Attikon Hospital, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.



Increased meal frequency and daily breakfast consumption have been inversely associated with childhood obesity. The purpose of the study was to examine the possible interaction effect between meal frequency and breakfast consumption on childhood obesity.


Seven hundred children (323 boys) aged 10-12 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Several lifestyle, dietary and physical activity characteristics were recorded with food frequency and physical activity questionnaires. Body height and weight were measured and body mass index was calculated in order to classify children as overweight or obese (International Obesity Task Force classification). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used in order to evaluate the interaction between daily breakfast intake and more than three meals per day consumption with overweight or obesity.


Of the children, 27.6% and 9.0% were overweight and obese, respectively. Moreover, 60.2% consumed three or more meals per day and 62.7% consumed breakfast in a regular daily basis. Children who consumed more than three meals per day and also consumed breakfast daily, were two times less likely to be overweight or obese (adjusted odds ratio: 0.49, 95% confidence interval: 0.27-0.88).


A combined higher meal frequency and daily breakfast consumption dietary pattern may prevent overweight and obesity in children.

© 2011 The Authors Pediatric Obesity © 2011 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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