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Gynecol Oncol. 2012 Jun;125(3):594-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2012.03.008. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Concomitant boost plus large-field preoperative chemoradiation in locally advanced uterine cervix carcinoma: Phase II clinical trial final results (LARA-CC-1).

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  • 1Radiotherapy Unit, Department of Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura "Giovanni Paolo II", Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli 1, 86100, Campobasso, Italy.



To report the Phase II study final results in terms of pathological complete response (pCR) and complications in locally advanced cervical carcinoma (LACC) patients treated with chemoradiation (CT/RT) regimen based on accelerated fractionation, nodal extended fields and adjuvant radical surgery.


The sample size was quantified according to published data which shows that CT/RT followed by radical surgery in LACC patients provides a pCR rate above 45%. The 2-stage design by Simon was used to test the null hypothesis that the true pCR would improve by above 20%. The chemoradiation regimen was considered active if >24/43 pCRs were recorded. 40 Gy/2 Gy fraction in 4 weeks was delivered to nodal volume extending up to L3 vertebra, concurrently with chemotherapy. 45 Gy in 20 fractions with a concomitant boost strategy was delivered to the macroscopic disease only.


47 patients were enrolled. Median follow-up was 26 months (3-52 months). Pathological response was assessed in 44/47 patients: 17/44 (38.6%) showed a pCR to treatment, and 9/44 cases (20.5%) showed microscopic disease. Pelvic nodal metastases were documented in 9/44 cases (20.5%). 87.5% of recurrences were extra pelvic. Five patients (11%) developed acute severe gastrointestinal toxicity. The actuarial cumulative 2-year incidence of G ≥ 2 late cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary toxicity was 10.3%, 8.3% and 24.9%, respectively. The 3-year DFS was 77.1%, while the 3-year OS was 80.5%.


Our results confirm the high tolerability and efficacy of this accelerated regimen. However, based on the study design, 45 Gy as a concomitant boost CT/RT delivered by a 3D technique does not seem sufficient to increase pCR rate.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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