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Haematologica. 2012 Sep;97(9):1372-9. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2011.055681. Epub 2012 Mar 14.

Marked upregulation of Survivin and Aurora-B kinase is associated with disease progression in the myelodysplastic syndromes.

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  • 1Department of Hematology and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Fukui, Japan. ayoshi@u-fukui.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Myelodysplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis. Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis family and suppresses apoptosis. Survivin also functions as a subunit of the chromosomal passenger complex for regulating mitosis with Aurora-B. Survivin and Aurora-B play an important role in maintaining genome stability. The aim of this study was to determine the role of Survivin and Aurora-B kinase in disease progression and prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

We evaluated the expression levels of these two genes in CD34(+) cells prepared from 64 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome or leukemic blasts from 50 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia using quantitative real-time PCR.

RESULTS:

Survivin and Aurora-B expression levels were highly correlated with the type of myelodysplastic syndrome, were much higher in refractory anemia with excess blasts-1, refractory anemia with excess blasts-2, and secondary acute myeloid leukemia following myelodysplastic syndrome than in normal control, and increased during disease progression. There was a significant correlation between these expression levels and the International Prognostic Scoring System. Interestingly, these levels were remarkably higher in patients with secondary acute myeloid leukemia following myelodysplastic syndromes than in those with de novo acute myeloid leukemia.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first report showing that high levels of Survivin and Aurora-B kinase expression in CD34(+) cells are distinctive molecular features of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes and secondary acute myeloid leukemia following myelodysplastic syndrome. Marked upregulation of Survivin and Aurora-B kinase may contribute to genetic instability and disease progression of myelodysplastic syndromes. Our data may explain why patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes frequently show complex chromosomal abnormality.

PMID:
22419576
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3436238
Free PMC Article
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